Budgewoi Beach Dunecare Inc





  Working with the Seasons


SUMMER : December January  February

AUTUMN: March  April  May 

WINTER: June  July August

SPRING: September  October  November

Manual weeding  & maintenance (open areas)

 Primary  weeding  period both herbicide & manual operation.

 Primary weeding  period  both herbicide & manual operation. 

Manual weeding & maintenance.

Watering recent plantings during dry hot weather

Planting tube stock & back up watering where necessary

Planting tube stock & back up watering where necessary

Planting tube stock & back up watering where necessary


Nursery maintenance

Seed collecting, pricking out.


Seed & cutting collection, pricking out.


Nursery maintenance.

Seed collecting, pricking out.


Seed collecting, pricking out.

Access Repair

Access Repair

Access Construction

Access Construction

Foredune stabilising fences maintenance

Foredune fertilising stabilising fence construction, planting.

Foredune fertilising stabilising fence construction, planting.

Foredune fertilising stabilising fence construction, planting

Open area vegetative maintenance

Canopy vegetative maintenance

Transplanting cuttings on hinedune areas

Seeding spinifex on foredune face

Monitoring vegetation

Monitoring vegetation

Monitoring vegetation

Monitoring vegetation


Community Field Days

Community Field Days



Shaping Dune profiles

Shaping Dune profiles



Coastal Vegetation Maintenance – (following primary restoration works.)


The biodiversity of coastal areas is particularly vulnerable to

  1. The loss and fragmentation of habitat through clearance of native vegetation Human activity – on soil and water.
  2. Impacts of weeds and feral animals
  3. Dynamic weather conditions and sand movement.


Following any primary restoration works a vegetation maintenance program needs to be established to ensure a vegetation mantle of endemic native species is able to be established and not compete with weeds for survival. This program should be operating within 12 months from the completion of primary restoration works, and needs to address seasonal weed germination and growth rates. Ecosystem restorations are integral components of contemporary dune management and provide biodiversity.

Coastal weeds

Along the coastline, weeds are best thought of as plants that do not occur naturally in the area and pose a threat to the values of the area. Weeds capacity to establish and spread leads to invasion and  displacement  of native plant communities, thereby reducing biological diversity.

The three worst weeds of the NSW coastline are Bitou Bush, Asparagus Fern, and Lantana. This status gives regard to three main factors, distribution, impact and difficulty of control, and was established at the 2000 Dune Care Conference in which BBDC was the facilitator.


Listed are  weeds found at Budgewoi Beach.



Bitou Bush

Chrysanthemoides monilifera

Asparagus Fern

Asparagus fern


Lantana camara

Golden wattle

Acacia Saligna

Turkey Rhubarb

Acetosa sagittata

Crofton Weed

Ageratina adenophora

Madeira Vine

Anredera cordifolia

Cobblers Peg

Bidens pilosa

Mother of millions

Bryophyllum delagoense

Rhodes Grass

Chloris gayyana

Camphor Laurel

Cinnamomum camphora


Conyza albida

Cape Ivy

Delairea odorata

Coral Tree

Erythrina X sykesii

Indian Rubber Tree

Ficus elastic


Hydrocotyle bonariensis

Common Morning Glory

Ipomoea indica


Paspalum spp.

Pelargonium Pelargonium


Senecio madagascariensis

Tobacco Bush

Solanum mauritianum

Blackberry Nightshade

Solanum nigrum

Parramatta Grass

Sporobolus indicus

Buffalo Grass

Stenotaphrum secundatum

Cocas Palm

Syagrus romanzoffianam

Stinking Roger

Tagetes minuta

Black Eyed Susan

Thunbergia alata


Rubus fruticosus

Cassia Cassia
Scurvy Weed Commelina cyanea





Primary Weed Control – Large infestations



Braking the weed (bitou bush) cycle

Herbicide Spraying ( aerial or quick spray units)

When bitou bush is not contained for more than 15 years in coastal fore dunes, it has the capacity to create a monoculture and its permanent removal requires several phases.

Southern Budgewoi had 10 hectares in which 95% of the vegetation was bitou bush.The primary weeding program initial step was to herbicide spray the entire area with a glyphosate based herbicide. These works need to be carried out during April when bitou has its main flowering period and weather temperatures are less than 22 C . The herbicide dilution rate of 250:1 was to minimise impact on surrounding native vegetation. A minimum time of 5-6 weeks is required for the herbicide to kill the bitou bush, before commencement of removal or burning of the bitou carcass.

  • Primary Weeding

  • Secondary Weeding

  • Injection Watering